By about 1850, the population of Canada West had grown, for the first time, to be larger than that of Canada East. … However, Cartier opposed “rep by pop”, because he believed that eventually the English-speaking population would dominate all government decision making and the Canadien (French) culture would not survive.
What did Canada West want?
Canada West was settled primarily by English-speaking immigrants. The inhabitants nevertheless sought confederation with Canada East (which was populated largely by French-speaking Canadians) in order to secure the unified government needed for effective administration and commercial prosperity.
What was the population of Canada West?
The population of Canada West was about 480,000. This included Indigenous people, British settlers and Loyalists from the United States. Canada West was smaller than the mostly French-speaking population of Canada East (around 510,000 of its 670,000 people were francophone).
Was John A Macdonald against representation by population?
One of Brown’s major demands was “rep by pop”, that is, representation by population, which would lead to Canada West having more seats, and was bitterly opposed by Canada East.
What was meant by proportional representation?
Proportional representation (PR) characterizes electoral systems in which divisions in an electorate are reflected proportionately in the elected body. … The essence of such systems is that all votes contribute to the result—not just a plurality, or a bare majority.
Why was the Canadian government interested in the West?
One of the objectives of the leaders of the confederation movement was the annexation of Rupert’s Land — the West — to enable the agricultural expansion of Ontario, Quebec, New Brunswick, and Nova Scotia. … Of these, only the Canadians were particularly interested in the prospect of annexation.
Why should Canada West join confederation?
-It would allow the colonies to trade with each other without any tariffs. -Canada would become the third largest sea-going nation in the world, following the United States and Britain. – Since the U.S. cancelled the Reciprocity Agreement with Canada, confederation would provide other markets for their goods.
What economic resources did Canada West have?
The West is rich in natural resources, with world-leading reserves of oil, potash, and uranium. Western Canada has over 107,000 farming operations that cover more than 135 million acres, representing 85 percent of Canadian farmland.
Why is most of Canada’s population located in the South?
So why did so many Canadians settle here? According to the late William Lewis Morton, an eminent Canadian historian, it’s basically about agriculture. The best arable land has always been in Canada’s south — no surprise, given the cold weather farther north.
What was Canada East known for?
They finally agreed to confederation in 1867 because Canada East would remain a territorial and governmental unit (as Quebec) in which French Canadians would have an assured electoral majority and thus be able to at least partly control their own affairs. The champion of confederation in Canada East was George E.
Who discovered Canada West?
Between 1534 and 1542, Jacques Cartier made three voyages across the Atlantic, claiming the land for King Francis I of France. Cartier heard two captured guides speak the Iroquoian word kanata, meaning “village.” By the 1550s, the name of Canada began appearing on maps.
What is considered Western Canada?
Four provinces and two territories form Western Canada: Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia, the Yukon Territory, and the Northwest Territories.